Staff Profile -Saravanan R



Saravanan R


Research Associate - Pattanam Archaeological Research (On Contract)

Contact Info:


Mob: +918330958043 ,

Working in KCHR Since

March 2017

Education Summary

Pursuing PhD in History - Hyderabad Central University

• UGC NET-Junior Research Fellowship in History, June 2012

• Post Graduate Diploma in Archaeology - Institute of Archaeology, Red Fort, Delhi - 2010-2012

• Mphil in History - Hyderabad Central University, 2009-2010

• B.Ed in Social Sciences - Kerala University , 2007-2008

• MA History- Calicut University, 2005-2007

• BA History - Calicut University, 2002-2005

Professional Experience

• Trainee under Archaeological Survey of India, Institute of Archaeology, Red Fort, Delhi, India.

• Practical Training in Explorations and Excavation, Chemical Preservation, Structural Conservation, Tutorial and Museum Display, Surveying, Drawing, Photography, Modeling and Computer Application.

• Successfully completed the short term Training Course in Pre-Historic Archaeology conducted from 15/12/2010 to 15/1/2011 at Khandesa, Raisen district, M.P.

Academic Activities

• Presented paper on ‘Iron: From Antiquity to Culture’ in International Conference on Asian Art, Culture and Heritage from 21st - 23rd August 2013, organized by Center for Asian Studies- University of Kelaniya, Srilanka.

• Presented paper on  ‘Some Reflections on Kerala Megaliths: Problems and Issues’ in 33rd annual session of the South Indian History Congress from 15- 17 February 2013, University of Kerala.

• Presented paper on ‘Iron: Antiquity, Technology and Social Organisation in Theoretical Perspectives’ in 37th  annual session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress from 5-6th January, 2013, Avanigadda, A.P.

• Presented paper on ‘The Regional Variation in  South Indian Megaliths’ in 2nd  annual session of the Kerala History Congress from 20-22, 2016, Union Christian College, Aluva, Kerala

• Presented paper on ‘A Unique Megalithic Tradition in Andhra Region’ in 41st  annual session of the  Andhra Pradesh History Congress from 7-8th, 2017, Anantapur, A.P.


• Participated in the panel discussions and in the workshop held on 12th March to 18th March 2014 on the theme of “Society and History” under UGC- Special Assistance Programme (SAP), Dept. Of History, Hyderabad Central University.


• Participated World Heritage Awareness Programme at Palakkad Fort, organized by Archaeological Survey of India, Thrissur Circle 


Research Interests

Archaeological Exploration and Excavation | Area of Prehistoric and Protohistoric culture like Palaeolithic, Mesolithic,Neolithic, chalcolithic and Iron age

Research Summary

• Enrolled Ph.D programme under the guidance of Prof. K. P. Rao, Department of History, University of Hyderabad, on the broad area of Pre and Protohistoric culture in the middle  Krishna valley.

• M.Phil Thesis Title: ''Tombs of the Dead and Cult of the Living: Megalithic Survivals at Kuthannur Region'':- 

      There are numerous studies on the megalithic culture of Kerala.  But the significance of the Palghat megaliths, their affinity to the Tamil monuments and their basic structural difference with the Kerala megaliths have not been analysed seriously. The megaliths of most of the Palghat region are closer both in its structure and cultural traits to the burial tombs of Tamil Nadu especially Coimbatore region.  In Kuthannur also, there are certain megalithic monuments very close to the Tamil Nadu.  Because Palghat gap played crucial role leading to the cultural exchange  between Palghat and Tamil Nadu.  Unlike dolmens and cist burials, we cannot see typical variety of Kerala monuments from here.  The prominent megalithic sites of the district have also not been subjected to in-depth study and analysis.  Barring a few exceptions, most of the burial sites of the region remain unexplored.

       The region of Kuthannur provides more evidence on living megallithism and more space for an uninterrupted continuity of the culture.  Since the Kanakka Cherumans not only are not dreaded of by the megalith in  their vicinity but are also still showing reverence to them.  Besides a  deity  is also placed nearby these monuments.  Unlike other sites in Kerala especially Attappadi, the people of Kuthannur pour turmeric  over the deity during  the religious performance.  It gives clues to the religious worship of Tamil Nadu.   The fact that their important temple shrines are located close to the burial ground [Nisal]is a supportive evidence to prove this hypothesis.  The god Nisal whom they worship appears to be an ancestor god.  Some of the tree standing on  the burial ground like neem and the pana are still taken as sacred by the people of the area.

         Their main medium of construction in Kuthannur region is granite to build these monuments, though laterite is the main medium in other parts of the state.  These are some of the preliminary conclusions arrived at from certain observations, especially from field survey, photography, personal conversation and on the basis of strictly limited source materials.    It requires extensive archaeological excavation to make emphatic statemtents.  A study of the grave goods would probably reveal the racial affinity between the megalithhic builders and the social groups of the areas and the cultural affinity between the two.  This challenge has to be undertaken by Academic Historians and Professional Archaeologists in the future. 


International Papers:

• 2013. “Iron: From Antiquity to Culture”. International Conference on Asian Art, Cultutre and Heritage, August 21st–23rd,, IAAH, Centre for Asian Studies, University of Kelaniya, Srilanka, ISSBN 978-955-4563-09, 329-333

• 2015. ''Glimpses of Kerala Megalithic Tradition''. Arnava: a refereed journal, Vol. IV, No.2, ISSN 2320-0103, pp- 71-76.

• 2016. ''Indian Feudalism: Problems and Issues''. Research Deliberation: An International Refereed Journal for Humanities and Social Science, Volume-II/Issue-I (May, 2016), ISSN 2395-7778, pp- 21-24

• 2017. “The Prehistoric Relevance in the Krishna River Valley”, Arnava, Vol. VI, No.1, June 2017, ISSN 2320-0103

• Accepted Paper- ''Megalithic Ceramic Tradition in Kerala'', ICON- Journal of Archaeology and Culture, Vol. 4, Bhopal, ISSN 2347-7030

• Accepted Paper-  “Iron: From Metal to Metallurgy'', Heritage: Journal of Multidisplinary Studies in Archaeology, Vol.5, ISSN 2347-5463

National Papers:

• 2014. '' Tombs of the Dead and Cult of the living: Megalithic Tradition at Kuthannur Region, Kerala''. Heritage and Us: Conserve It For The Future, year 3, issue 3, Oct/Sept, ISSN 2319-1201,  pp. 58-70.

• 2014. “Megalithic Cult: Faith and Belief”. Prag Samiksha: A National Journal for History, Culture and Archaeology, 1(2), ISSN 2321 -659X, pp. 78-95

• 2013. ''Iron: Antiquity, Technology and Social Organisation in Theoretical Perspectives'', 37th  annual session of the Andhra Pradesh History Congress from 5-6th January, ISSN 2320-057X, pp. 69-71

• 2013. ''Some Reflections on Kerala Megaliths: Problems and Issues'', 33rd annual session of the South Indian History Congress from 15- 17 February  ISSN 2229-3671, pp. 557-561

• Accepted Paper-“Advent of Iron Metallurgy and Technology ”, PURA-MIMANSA: Studies in Indian Art, Archaeology and Tradition (A Felicitation Volume in the Honour of Prof. J.N. Pal)

• Accepted Paper- ''Megalithic Culture: A Typological Analysis'', New Themes and Dimensions: Essays on Kerala History, ISSBN 978-81-927911-9-7